U.s. International Agreements
Unless a contract contains provisions concerning other agreements or acts, only the text of the treaty is legally binding. Generally speaking, a treaty amendment is binding only on States that have ratified the amendment and agreements reached at review conferences, summits or meetings of States parties are political, but not legally binding. The Charter of the United Nations is an example of a treaty that contains provisions relating to other binding agreements. By signing and ratifying the Charter, countries have agreed to be legally bound by resolutions adopted by UN bodies such as the General Assembly and the Security Council. Therefore, UN resolutions are legally binding on UN Member States and no signature or ratification is required. 233 Although this description seems simple, developments in the twentieth century complicate the relationship between the right of use of peoples and national law. When an international agreement requires implementing legislation or the use of funds to fulfill U.S. obligations, it is up to Congress to pass that legislation131 In the early years of constitutional practice, there has been a debate about whether Congress is required — and not just authorized — to legislate that would not transpose autonomous provisions into domestic law.132 Definitively resolved, since it was not concluded in a 133 The treaty between the different Indian governments and the United States was officially concluded on March 3, 1871 with the adoption of the United States Code 25, Chapter 3, Sub-Chapter 1, Section 71 (25 U.S.C. § 71).
Existing contracts have been put in place and other agreements have been concluded in accordance with national law.